Published on: 2013-05-14
Despite recent advances in hepatitis C (HCV) treatment, specifically the addition of direct acting antivirals (DAAs), pegylated interferon-alpha remains the backbone of HCV therapy.Therefore, the impact of DAAs on the management of co-morbid psychiatric illness and neuropsychiatric sequalae remains an ongoing concern during HCV therapy. This paper provides a review of the neuropsychiatric adverse effects of DAAs and drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between DAAs and psychiatric medications.
Methods: We conducted a Pubmed search using relevant search terms and hand searched reference lists of related review articles.
In addition, we searched abstracts for major hepatology conferences and contacted respective pharmaceutical companies for additional studies.
Results: Limited data is available on the neuropsychiatric adverse effectsof DAAs; however, data from major clinical trials suggest that DAAs have minimal neuropsychiatric risk. DAAs can potentially interact with a variety of psychotropic agents via cytochrome P450 and p-glycoprotein interactions.
Triazolam, oral midazolam, St. John's Wort, carbamazepine and pimozide, are contraindicated with DAAs.
DDIs between DAAs and antidepressants, anxiolytics, hypnotics, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics and treatments for opioid dependence are summarized.
Conclusions: Although DAAs do not add significant neuropsychiatric risk, the potentialfor DDIs is high. Consideration of DDIs is paramount to improving medication adherence and mitigating adverse effects during HCV therapy.
Author: Sanjeev SockalingamAlice TsengPierre GiguereDavid Wong
Credits/Source: BMC Gastroenterology 2013, 13:86